Hazlet Family Care - IMA Hazlet

   3253 Route 35 North,  Suite 1, Hazlet, New Jersey    07730      

(732) 888-7646     Fax  (732)  888-7649

 Physical Requirements for the CDL/DOT Exam?


Visual Acuity

Distance acuity of at least 20/40 with or without corrective devices; in each eye as well as both eyes together.

Monocular vision is a disqualification.  Drivers with Monocular Vision (visual acuity greater than 20/40) can apply for a Federal  Vision  Exemption Certificate

Peripheral Vision

The driver must have a horizontal field of vision in each eye of at least 70 degrees

Color Recognition

The driver must be able to distinguish the colors of traffic control signals, red, green, amber

If the driver meets the standard while wearing corrective devices (glasses or contacts),  we will note that on the certificate and the driver must wear corrective devices while driving.  The driver should also have a spare device with him/her while driving.


The driver must be able to hear a force whispered voice from a distance of no less than 5 feet in one ear.  If the driver fails the forced whisper test, he/she must have and pass an audiometric test to meet the standard. 

If the standard is met while wearing a hearing aid, the hearing aid must be worn at all times while driving.  The driver must have an alternate power source for the hearing aid with him/her while driving.


The driver must show ability to steer and brake the truck.  Strength, sensation, coordination and reflexes of arms, legs and back will be tested.  Loss of foot or limb can be certified only with a SPE certification and the driver must carry the SPE certification at all times.


Daytime Sleepiness

The driver must demonstrate alertness to drive.  BMI greater than 35 and neck circumference greater than 17 (16 for females) may necessitate a sleep study to rule out sleep apnea, which can cause excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS).

Drugs & Alcohol

Illegal drug use is disqualifying.  Medical Marajuana use is also disqualifying, even with prescription.  If the driver has a problem with alcohol, he/she can be certified after documentation of counselling/treatment.


Methadone and anti-seizure medications are disqualifying.  Other medication is considered based on whether or not it impairs cognition and ability to operate a CMV.  There are some medications that will disqualify the driver, unless he/she brings a letter from the prescriber stating that the driver can safely operate a CMV while taking the medication.

NOTE: Drug and alcohol testing is not a routine part of the DOT physical; however, it can be done at the request of your employer.


The driver's blood pressure (BP)  must be adequately controlled at less than 140/90.  If the BP is controlled with medication, the maximum certifying period is 1 year. 

If the driver has Stage 1 hypertension, 140-159/90-99, he/she can get a 1 year certification, however, the BP must be less than 140/90 at the next certification cycle. 

If the driver has Stage 2 hypertension, 160-179/199-109, he/she can be certified for 3 months.  The driver must get his/her BP down to less than 140/90 within that 3 month period or be disqualified.

If the driver has Stage 3 hypertension,  greater than 180/110, he/she is disqualified from driving until the BP is down to less than 140/90.  The driver is then certified for 6  months.


The driver must provide a urine sample at the time of the visit.  The urine is checked for Blood, Protein, Glucose and Specific Gravity.  Abnormalities can signify underlying disease.


If the driver is a diabetic, or if glucose is noted in the urine sample, a fingerstick blood sugar will be done.  The blood glucose  needs to be below 20 for the driver to be certified.